Research / Research Highlights

Research Highlights

Research Highlights /

Research Highlights

Prof. Chaok Seok

Modeling and Simulation of a Fully-glycosylated Full-length SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein in a Viral Membrane

Oct 23, 2020

This technical study describes all-atom modeling and simulation of a fully-glycosylated fulllength SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein in a viral membrane. First, starting from PDB:6VSB and 6VXX, full-length S protein structures were modeled using template-based modeling, de-novo protein structure prediction, and loop modeling techniques in GALAXY modeling suite.

Then, using the recently-determined most occupied glycoforms, 22 N-glycans and 1 O-glycan of each monomer were modeled using Glycan Reader & Modeler in CHARMM-GUI. These fully-glycosylated full-length S protein model structures were assessed and further refined against the low-resolution data in their respective experimental maps using ISOLDE.

We then used CHARMM-GUI Membrane Builder to place the S proteins in a viral membrane and performed all-atom molecular dynamics simulations.

All structures are available in CHARMM-GUI COVID-19 Archive (, so researchers can use these models to carry out innovative and novel modeling and simulation research for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

Prof. Chaok Seok (Department of Chemistry) / Tel. 82-2-880-9197